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Protestant Works by Croatian and Other Slavic Authors

 

Bohorič (Bohorizh), Adam

(near Brestanice, ca. 1520 – Germany, 20 November 1598)

Important Work:

-         "Arcticae horulae succisivae de Latinocarniolana literatura ad Latinae linguae analogiam accomodata, unde Moshoviticae, Rutenicae, Polonicae, Boemicae et Lusaticae lingue, cum Dalmatica et Croatica cognatio, facile deprehenditur" (Witebergae, 1584)

Ciger, Mirko (Emericus Zigerius / Imre Eszéki Szigeti)


Works:

-         "Jézus Sirah könyve" - 1551, together with Matija Tövisi
-         "Epistola cuiusdem pii concionatoris, ex Turcia ad M. Illyricum missa, qualis nam status Evangelii et ecclesiam sub Turco sit, indicans, cum praefatione Illyrici. Magdeburgi anno 1549" - Ciger's letter to Flacius
-         "Ein Schrift eines frommen Predigers aus der Türkey an Illyricum geschrieben. Darinnen engezeiget wird, wie es dort mit der Kirche und dem Evangelio zugehet," Magdeburg, 1550

Cvečić, Juraj (Zwetzitsch, Cuetschisch)

(Pazin, around 1520 – Ravne, Slovenia 1585)

Works:
In Glagolitic script

-         "Drugi del novoga teštamenta" (1563)

Dalmata, Antonius

(first half of the 16th century – Ljubljana, 1579)

Works:
In Glagolitic script

-         "Edni kratki razumni nauci" (1562)
-         "Artikuli ili deli prave stare krstianske vere" (1562)
-         "Postila" (1562)
-         "Prvi del Novoga Testamenta" (1562)
-         "Drugi del Novog Testamenta" (1563)
-         "Edna kratka summa nikih prodik od tuče" (1563)
-         "Beneficium Christi - Govorenje vele prudno" (1563)
-         "Spovid i spoznanje prave krstianske" (1564)
-         "Bramba Augustanske spovedi Apologia imenovana" (1564)

In Cyrillic script

-         Test page in Urach (1561)
-         "Katekizam" (1561)
-         "Razumni nauci" (1562)
-         "Artikuli" (1562)
-         "Prvi del Novog Testamenta" (1563)
-         "Drugi del Novog Testamenta" (1563)
-         "Postila" (1563)

In Latin script

-         "Katekizam" (1563)
-         "Crikveni Ordinalic" (1564)
-         "Bramba" (1564)
-         "Spovid" (1564)
-         "Beneficium" (1565)
-         "Prvi del Postile" (1568)
-         "Drugi del Postile" (1568)

In Italian

-         "La confessione della fede" (1562)
-         "Catechismo picciolo" (1562)
-         "Postila" (1562)
-         "Artikuli - Confesiones tres" (1562-1563)
-         "La defesa della confessione" (1563)
-         "Esposizione del salmo LI e CXXX" (1564)
-         "Methodus doctrinae ecclesiae Magdeburgiensis" by Melanchthon (1564 or 1565)
-         "Tratatto utilissimo" (1565)

Grbac, Matija (Matthias Garbitius Illyricus)

(Istria, ca. 1505 – Tübingen, 1. May 1559)

Works:

-         Poems in Greek for Melanchthon's daughter, Anna for her wedding to Georg Sabinus (1508-1560) in "Duo Epithalamia. Alterum Latinis versibus a Melchiore Acontio, Alterna Graecis a Matthia Illyrico Scriptum", Wittenberg: Iosephus Klug, 1536. This work, which Grbac wrote together with Melchior Acontius (1515-1569) was dedicated to the librarian of St. Mark's Library in Venice, Pietro Bembo (1470-1547).
-         "Poemata quorum catalogum sequenti pagina reperies", Argentorati [Strasbourg]: C. Mylium, 1538
-         "Epitaphia quaedam non inscita partim Graeca, partim Latina, jam pridem Tubingae aedita", 1543
-         "Poemata ab auctore recens aucta", 1543
-         "Carmen gratulatorium de nuptiis ill. principis et d. d. Christophori ducis in Wirteberg ... Latine redditum a Paulo Kreurgo", 1544
-         "Oratio de vita, moribus, doctrina, et professione Hippocratis illius Coi ... habita Tubingae a Matthia Garbicio Illyrico in solenni festo medicorum. Adiecta est Lex Hippocratis Graece cum interpretatione et scholio brevi", Tubingae: Ulrici Morhardi, 1544
-         "Oratio de doctrina morum et vitae ... habita ab initio instaurati studii bonarum artium in Academia Tubingensi a.D. MDXLIII. mense Novembri", Tubingae: Ulrici Morhardi, 1545
-         "Oratio funebris de vita et obitu cl. viri d. Joannis Sichardi i.u.d. ... Tubingae in frequenti Scholae conventu habita", Tubingae: Ulrici Morhardi, 1552
-         "Orationes publice in celeberrima Tubingensi Academia a professoribus publicis per hoc trimestre habitae", Tubingae: Ulrici Morhardi, 1557
-         "Hesiodi Opera et dies, cum interpretatione Latina et scholiis... Autore Mathia Garbitio", Basileae: Ioannem Oporinum, 1559
-         "Prometheus, cum interpretatione Mathiae Garbitii Illyrici", Basilae: Ioannem Oporinum, 1559 – translated into Latin, with a commentary
-         "De legis diuinae ex Hebraica lingva in Graecam translatione, per Septuaginta interpretes, ... absoluta, historia ... Cum conuersione Latina, autore Matthia Garbitio", Basileae: Ioannem Oporinum, 1561
-         "Libellus novus epistolas et alia quaedam monumenta doctorum superioris et hujus aetatis ... complectens", Lipsiae, 1568
-         "Artis historicae penus. Octodecim scriptorum tam veterum quam recentiorum monumentis ... instructa", Basileae: Petri Pernae, 1579
-         "Ta sozomena ton palaiotaton poieton Georgika, Boukolika, kai Gnomika. Vetustissimorum authorum Georgica, Bucolica & Gnomica poemata quae supersunt", Genevae: E. Ouignoni, 1584
-          "De legis divinae ex Hebraica lingua in Graecam translatione, per Septuaginta interpretes, ... absoluta, historia Graeco-Latina", Francofurti: P. Musculi et R. Pistorii, 1610
-          "Sichardus redivivus. ... Joannis Sichardi ... Dictata & praelectiones in Codicem Justinianeum", Francofurti: Ex officina Hoffmanniana, sumptibus Jonae Rhodi & Lazari Zetzneri, 1613

Juričić, Juraj

(Novi Vinodol, beginning of the 16the century – Ljubljana, 1578)

Works:
In Glagolitic script

-         "Drugi del novoga teštamenta" (1563)
-         "Crikveni ordinalic" (1564)

In Ciryllic script
-         "Drugi del novoga teštamenta" (1563)

In Latin script
-         "Crikveni ordinalic" (1564)

In Slovenian
-         "Ene duhovne peisni" (1563)

Konzul, Stjepan Istranin (Stephanus Consul Histrianus)

(Buzet, 1521 – Eisenstadt, Burgenland, Austria, 1579)

Works:

In Glagolitic script

-         Test page (1560)
-         "Tabla za dicu" (1561)
-         "Mali glagoljski Katekizam" (1561)
-         "Katekizam" (1561)
-         "Edni kratki razumni nauci" (1562)
-         "Artikuli ili deli prave stare krstianske vere" (1562)
-         "Postila" (1562)
-         "Prvi del Novoga Testamenta" (1562)
-         "Drugi del Novog Testamenta" (1563)
-         "Edna kratka summa nikih prodik od tuče" (1563)
-         "Beneficium Christi - Govorenje vele prudno" (1563)
-         "Spovid i spoznanje prave krstianske" (1564)
-         "Bramba Augustanske spovedi Apologia imenovana" (1564)

In Cyrillic script

-         Test page in Urach (1561)
-         "Katekizam" (1561)
-         "Razumni nauci" (1562)
-         "Artikuli" (1562)
-         "Prvi del Novog Testamenta" (1563)
-         "Drugi del Novog Testamenta" (1563)
-         "Postilla" (1563)

In Latin script

-         "Katekizam" (1563)
-         "Crikveni Ordinalic" (1564)
-         "Bramba" (1564)
-         "Spovid" (1564)
-         "Beneficium" (1565)
-         "Prvi del Postile" (1568)
-         "Drugi del Postile" (1568)

In Italian

-         "La confessione della fede" (1562)
-         "Catechismo picciolo" (1562)
-         "Postila" (1562)
-         "Artikuli - Confesiones tres" (1562-1563)
-         "La defesa della confessione" (1563)
-         "Esposizione del salmo LI e CXXX" (1564)
-         "Methodus doctrinae ecclesiae Magdeburgiensis" (1564 or 1565)
-         "Tratatto utilissimo" (1565)

Krell, Sebastian

(Vipava, 1538 – Ljubljana, 1567)

Works:

-         "Christlich bedencken/Ob vnd wiefern ein jglicher Christ/ die Rotten vnd Secten/ auch allerley offentliche Jrthumen vnd Religionstreitte/ beide von Rechts wegen/ ... zu anathematiziren/ schueldig sey. Wider etlicher Epicurischen Theologen vnd Clamanten furgeben/ ... Sampt einer Vorrede M. Cyriaci Spangenberg" (Eisleben: Urban Gaubisch, 1562)
-         "OTROZHIA BIBLIA. Ein Handtbüchlein, Darinn ist vnter anderm der Catechismus Von  fünfferlei sprachen" (1566) - edited it together with Matthias Flacius and was published by Johannes Burger in Regensburg. This work contains a spelling book, dictionary, catechism in five languages, instrutions for Christian living, exlpanations of the differences between the Old and New Testaments, one of Truber's and one of Krell's songs, as well as a description of linguistic and spelling differences from Truber's language.
-         "POSTILLA SLOVENSKA. To ie, KARSHANSKE EVANGELISKE Predige, vèrhu vsaki Nedelski Evangelion skusi Létu. SA HISHNE GOSPODARIE, SHOLE, Mlade inu priposte Lüdi. PERVI SIMSKI DEL" (1567) – a translation of Johann Spangenberg's (1484-1550) postile into Slovenian. Part of the foreword is available at: http://www2.arnes.si/~sskkkrsko2/TRUBAR_l/postilaslo.htm

 

Mercherich, Leonard


Important Work:
-         "Ordinalić, Bramba i Spovid te Proroci"

Scalichius, Paulus

(Zagreb, 1534 – Danzig [Gdańsk], 1577)

Works:

-        "Occvlta occvltorvm occvlta. Pavli Skalich de lika, philosophiae ac theologiae doctoris, sacrae, ro. hung. boe. etc. regiae maiestatis capellani" (Vienna: Michael Zimmerman, 1556). Dedicated to Gaspar von Nydbruck.

-        "Dialogvs Pavli Scalichii de Lika, comities hvnorvm et Baronis Zkradini, S.T. Doct: de Missa" (Tubingae, 1558)

-        "Glossa in triginta duos articulos canonis Missae ex Apostolo" (Romae: Jodocus Cortesanus, 1558)

-         "Encyclopaediae, seu orbis disciplinarum, tam sacrarum, quam profanarum epistemon. Ejusdem: Theses mysticae philosophiae (Basileae [Basel]: Joannes Oporinus, 1559) - he used the word "encyclopaedia" for the first time in its contemporary meaning. Scalichius' encyclopaedia or Epistemon was published in a Latin-Croatian bilingual tome (Zagreb: Institut za filozofiju, 2004, 401).

-         "... Genealogia seu de antiquissima Scalichiorum, sive a Scala ... principum origine ab anno salutis 80 usque ad annum 1561. Sermo" (Argentorati [Strasbourg]: Christ. Mylius, 1561)

-         "Annales Scaligerorum ex Cyrillo in Latinum sermonem conversi" (Coloniae [Cologne])

-         "Satira philosophica sive miscellanca. Aceessit genealogiea praecipuorum Europae regum et principum, etc. a Gothis deducta per utrumque serum authori Heilricho Zeellis" (Regiomonti Borussorum [Königsberg]: Joannes Daubmanny, 1563)

-         "Epitoma de origine Scaligerorum ejusque brevi deductione, ad Paulum usque et Sylvium huiusque fratres ... una cum sententia Ducis Prussiae contra A. Truchsum Wetzhausum auscultata (etc.) Huic praefixa est Pauli Scaligeri ... sexta iam evulgata ... protestatio ... Accessit argumentum anacriseos, quis cuius regno ... brevi immineat" (Mediolano [Milano], 1568)

-         "Pauli Scaligeri ... Censura brevissima de potissimis hujus seculi sectis, de moribus Antichristi, de extremo judicio; et certissima via ac methodus de dignoscendis Spiritibus: an ex Deo sint" (Mediolano, 1570)

-         "Primi tomi miscellaneorum de rerum caussis et successibus ... effigies ac exemplar, nimirum vaticiniorum et imaginum Joachimi Abbatis Florensis Calabrieae et Anselmi episcopi Marsichani ... explanatio" (Coloniae Agrippinae [Cologne]: Theodorus Graminaeus, 1570)

Starin, Mihajlo (Mihály Sztárai)

(Sztára, Hungary, ? – Pápa, Hungary, ca. 1575.)

Works:
-         "Cormoedia lepidissima de sacerdotio"
-         "Az igaz papsagnac tikere" (The Mirror of True Priesthood), Krakow, 1550
-         "Achab Kyral Hytetlensegeröl es Illies Prophetanak megy feddeseröl valo szep Historia" (A Story about the Unbelief of King Ahab and how the Prophet Elijah Scolded Him), Debrecen, 1574
- "Historia Cranmerus Thomas Érseknek az igaz hitben való állhatatosságáról" (A Story about the Perseverance of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer in the True Faith), Debrecen, 1582
-         "Historia de Vita beati Athanasy Alexandriae Episcopi fidelissimi" Authore Michaele Starino. Debrecen, 16th century

Truber, Primus

(9 June 1508 – 28 June 1586)

Works:

-         "Katekizam" (1550) – The first book ever printed in Slovenian. It was inspired by a variety of sources, including Luther’s and Brenz’s catechisms. The book contains a litany, hymns, Bible expositions and also a text by Matthias Flacius Illyricus about the true faith, taken from his master’s thesis.
-         "Abecedarij" (1550) – This spelling book was meant to teach people read Slovenian.
-         "Ta evangeli sv. Matevža" (1555) – The Gospel of Matthew.
-         "Ena molitov tih krščenikov, kir so zavolo te prave vere v Jezusa Kristusa pregnani" (1555)
-         "Ta prvi dejl tiga noviga testamenta" (1557) – The first part of the New Testament in Slovenian.
-         "Ta slovenski koledar" (1557)
-          "En regišter… Ena kratka postila" (1558)
-          "Ta drugi dejl tiga noviga testamenta" (1560) – The second part of the New Testament in Slovenian.
-          "Sv. Pavla ta dva listi" (1561)
-          "Artikuli oli dejli te prave stare vere krščanske" (1562)
-          "Cerkovna ordninga" (1564) – Church Order. Most copies of this book were destroyed in the 16th century as a result of the persecution against Truber and his works. When its last known copy burned to ashes during the bombing of Dresden in 1945, it was thought that this outstanding work was lost forever. It was in 1971 that a German, Christoph Weismann, found a copy of it in the Vatican Library. This valuable tome left the Vatican for the first time in 2008 when it was on loan for three months at the University Library in Ljubljana for an exhibition honouring the 500th anniversary of Truber’s birth.
-          "Ta celi psalter Davidov" (1566)
-          "Ta celi Katehismus" (1567)
-          "Sv. Pavla listuvi" (1567)
-          "Ena duhovska pesem" (1567)
-          "Eni psalmi" (1567)
-          "Tri duhovske pejsni" (1575)
-          "Noviga testamenta pusledni dejl" (1577)
-          "Ta prvi psalm ž nega trijemi izlogami" (1579)
-          "Ta celi novi testament" (1582)
-          "Hišna postila" (1595) – A translation of Luther’s Postille which was published posthumously by Truber’s son, Felicijan.

 

Vergerio, Pietro Paolo The Younger

(Koper, Slovenia 1498 - Tübingen 1559)

Works:

-         "De Republica veneta liber primus"  (Toscolano: Paganini, 1526)
-         "Ad oratores principium Germaniae, qui Vormatiae Convenerunt. Deunitate et pace ecclesiae" (Venetia: Nicolini de Sabio, 1541)
-         "Della afflittione et persecutione fatta sopra quei di Capodistria nello anno 1548" (Poschiavo: Dolfino Landolfo, 1549)
-         "Instruttione Christiana" (Poschiavo: Dolfino Landolfo, 1549)
-         "Oratione de perseguitati et forusciti per lo Evangelio, et per Giesu Christo" (Poschiavo: Dolfino Landolfo, 1549)
-         "Il catalogo de libri, li quali nuovamente nel mese di maggio nell'anno presente MDXLVIIII sono stati condannati et scomunicati per heretici da M. Giovan Della Casa legat odi Venetia et d'alcuni frati. E aggiunto sopra il medesimo catalogo un iudicio et discorso del Vergerio" (1549)
-         "Del matrimonio de preti, et dalle monache" (Basilea: Giacomo Parco, 1549)
-         "Le otto difensioni del Vergerio vescovo di Capodistria. Nelle quali e notata et scoperta una particella delle tante superstitioni d'Italia et dalla grande ignorantia et ingiustitia de principi de sacerdoti, scribi et Farisei" (Basilea: Giacomo Parco, 1549). The foreword to this work was written by the humanist, Caelio Secondo Curione.
-         "Dodici trattatelli di M. Pietro Paulo Vergerio vescovo di Capodistria, fatti poco avanti il suo partire d'Italia" (Basilea: Giacomo Parco, 1549)
-         "Epistola del Vergerio, nella quale sono descritte molte cose della Citta, et dalla Chiesa di Geneva" (Geneva, 1550)
-         "Al serenesimo Re d'Inghilterra,  Eduardo sesto, della creatione del nuovo Papa Giulio III. Et quale habbia ad essere il concilio, che egli intende di fare" (1550)
-         "Trattato delle superstitioni d' Italia e dell' ignoranza de' sacerdoti" (1550)
-         "La historia di M. Francesco Spiera, il quale per havere in varii modi negata la conosciuta verita dell'Evvangelio, casco in una misera desparatione" (Basilea: Ioannes Oporinus, 1551)
-         "Concilium non modo Tridentium sed omne papisticum, perpetuo fugiendum esse omnibus piis" (1553)
-         "Della Camera et Statua della Madonna chiamata di Loreto, la quale e stata nuovamente diffesa da Fra Leandro Albertii Bolognese, et da Papa Giulio III con un solenne Privilegio approbata" (1554)
-         "Historia di Papa Giovani VIII, che fu femmina" (1556)
-         "Dialogi IV de libro quem St. Hosius contra Vergerium edidit" (1559)
-         "Primus Tomus Operum Vergerii. Adversus Papatum" (Tubingae: Ulrich Morhard, 1563). The first volume of his collected works.