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Pre-Reformation
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The Reformation in Western Europe - Pre-Reformation

In the Renaissance Period, during the 14th and 15th centuries, a broad and primarily cultural movement, known as humanism appeared, first in Italy and then all over Europe. Studia humanitates implied the gaining of new knowledge and ideas based on the foundations of the ancient Greek and Roman cultures and in opposition to the authorities and canons from the Middle Ages.

Gutenberg’s revolutionary invention of the movable type for printing enabled the faster spread and circulation of information and it definitely accelerated the maritime discoveries of new countries during that period. In the more developed parts of Europe the concept of feudal society was gradually abandoned. Favourable conditions were created for reconsidering, and even abandoning, certain centuries-long established traditions and for spreading new reforming ideas.